Tag Archives: trade

The little Ice Age

The little Ice Age


From about 1550 the climate again grew colder with the intensification of what is known as “The Little Ice Age” which had begun in 1320s. In February 1565 Pieter Brueghel the Elder painted his famous picture Hunters in the Snow, one of the first landscape paintings ever to be painted, which started a fashion for Dutch winter landscapes. It was the coldest winter in living memory, and a symptom of the sharp deterioration of winter temperatures that brought snowfalls to the Swiss Alps twice as often as in the previous twenty years.

Fur trade in Middle Ages

Fur trade in Middle Ages

Russia was the central source of furs, which were traded to western Europe, the Byzantine Empire, and Asia. While they were a luxury, furs also came to represent the social position of aristocrats and public officials. For some, furs had an almost magical quality. As an item of social status, a fur became more valuable if more pelts, or animal skins, were used.