Tag Archives: Romans

The Cimbri and the Teutones c.120 BC-101 BC

The Cimbri and the Teutones c.120 BC-101 BC


In 1891, farm workers digging in a peat bog at Gundestrup in the far north of Jutland, Denmark, discovered a large silver cauldron. The cauldron was decorated with spectacular scenes of Celtic gods, warriors, mythological animals and human sacrifice. The workmanship shows that the cauldron was made in Bulgaria in the second century BC by a Thracian craftsman, probably for a Celtic patron. This remarkable artefact is the only surviving legacy of the amazing migration of two early German peoples, the Cimbri and the Teutones.

The Last Druids

The Last Druids

In the summer of AD 60, a vast Roman army commanded by the Governor of Britain, Gaius Suetonius Paulinus, descended on the coast of north Wales. This well disciplined fighting force was directed at eradicating all resistance on the island of Anglesey (Mona Insulis), which lay just off the coast.

There were several motives behind Rome’s assault against Anglesey. For Tacitus, the reasons for Paulinus choosing to attack the island were twofold: “Mona Insulis contained a large population, while it also acted as a haven for refugees.” Paulinus therefore appears to have been intending to remove this independent refuge to which opponents of Roman rule had been fleeing.