Tag Archives: Native American Indians

The Modoc War, 1872-73

The Modoc War, 1872-73


From the late 1860s there was an uneasy peace until the outbreak in 1872 of the Modoc War, one of the smallest, and certainly one of the oddest, campaigns the US Army ever had to fight. As usual, problems arose from political pressure exerted by land-hungry settlers: in this instance, they wanted the fertile lands of the Modoc tribe of northern California. As a result, the Modocs were ordered from their ancestral lands to a reservation in southern Oregon, which they were to share with the more numerous Klamath tribe.

Bear River massacre in 1863

Bear River massacre in 1863

Four miles north of Preston, Idaho, the Bear River quietly ambles through green valleys and sagebrush covered mountains, the Shoshone call this place Boa Ogoi. Something happened on this site that is little known to U.S. history. But it is seared forever into the memory of the Shoshone.

The lost colony on Roanoke Island

The lost colony on Roanoke Island

Sir Walter Ralegh was rather a poser, and a dandy. He was the man who according to legend got into the Queen Elizabeth’s good books when they first met by laying his plush new cloak over a puddle so that she would not wet her feet as she crossed the muddy road; in the town of Raleigh in North Carolina there is a motel called The Velvet Cloak. It was said at one point that he had spent 6,000 gold pieces on his shoes alone. But he was also a visionary who organized the world’s first scientific expedition, and he laid the foundations of the British Empire.

The Indians of American Northwest Coast

The Indians of American Northwest Coast

The Northwest coast offers a mild climate with a wide array of food resources. Several distinctive cultures developed on the Northwest Coast from the Columbia River through coastal British Columbia to the top of the Alaskan panhandle. The cultures are very similar in some ways and remarkably diverse in others. People from all regions developed a rich ceremonial and spiritual life. They invested tremendous creative energy in artistic expressions, including songs, dances, legends and spectacular, philosophically powerful art work.

When Calamity Jane ‘rides on’

When Calamity Jane ‘rides on’

Martha (or Marthy) Jane Cannary was the oldest of six children, having two brothers and three sisters, born to Robert and Charlotte Cannary. Both of her parents were born in Ohio. In 1865, the family emigrated over five months with a wagon train from Missouri to Virginia City, Montana. Her mother died along the way in Black Foot, Montana, in 1866.