Tag Archives: Athens

The rise of Athens

The rise of Athens


It was only in the 6th century BC that Athens began the startling development that was to carry it to the centre of the european stage in social reform, industry and art.  There is a suggestion that the enterprising island of Aegina, just offshore in the Saronic Gulf, had actually blocked trade from Athens. But the city had no colonies until, in 620 BC, there were set up in the Dardanelles. These were later to give her control over the important trade timber, grain and metals from the Black Sea.

Sparta – A military city-state

Sparta – A military city-state

City of Sparta, in southern Greece, was founded by the Dorians during the 10 century BC, after they conquered the tribes that originally lived there. Two centuries later, Sparta won a neighboring town Messenia, and thus acquired a very fertile land. Spartans in that times enjoyed the life while doing various crafts, music and poetry. Later, after they were vanquished in war and conquered Messenians  have had permanent sought to regain their freedom, the Spartans became completely devoted to improving the skill of warship.