Tag Archives: Adolf Hitler

Pétain’s France

Pétain’s France


France’s defeat by Germany in June 1940 brought the collapse of the Third Republic and heralded the start of the authoritarian Vichy regime. its head, Phillipe Pétain, was a WWI general renowned as the victor of Verdun. France was initially divided into two zones: a northern zone occupied by the Germans, whose base was Paris; and the southern so-called “free” zone, whose administrative centre was Vichy. In November 1942, the German occupation extended to the whole country.

Jesse Owens: The Hero of the Games

Jesse Owens: The Hero of the Games

James Cleveland Owens was born in Oakville, Alabama, on September 12, 1913, the son of a sharecropper, a farmer who rents land. He was a sickly child, often too frail to help his father and brothers in the fields. The family moved to Cleveland, Ohio, in 1921, for better work opportunities. There was little improvement in their life, but the move did enable young Owens to enter public school, where a teacher accidentally wrote down his name as “Jesse” instead of J. C. He carried the name with him for the rest of his life.

Ernst Thälmann – Hitler’s forgotten rival

Ernst Thälmann – Hitler’s forgotten rival

One man who would have relished today’s crisis, just as he hoped to benefit hugely from the interwar slump, was the German communist leader Ernst Thälman. He is little remembered today but, in his time, was seen as Hitler’s great rival in the battle for power on the streets of Weimar Germany.