What happened to Napoleon Bonaparte‘s relatives after he lost power in France? They could not stay in France but, perhaps surprisingly, they came to little harm – with the exception of Napoleon’s More »
The Blutfahne or Blood Flag was one of the most sacred relics of nazi Germany. Originally the banner of the fifth Sturm of the Munich SA, it was soaked with the blood of the fallen when the Munich Putsch (“Beer Hall Putsch”) was crushed in November 1923. The blood was primarily from party member Andreas Bauriedl who was shot by Munich police and then fall on top of the flag.
The Carolingian dynasty (known variously as the Carlovingians, Carolings, or Karlings) was a Frankish noble family with origins in the Arnulfing and Pippinid clans of the 7th century AD. The family consolidated its power in the late 7th century, eventually making the offices of mayor of the palace and dux et princeps Francorum hereditary and becoming the de facto rulers of the Franks as the real powers behind the throne.
America’s 26th president Theodore Roosevelt, was a politician and stateman who seemed larger than life. His swashbuckingly style, his love of sport and outdoor activities, his earlier “Rough Rider” military exploits, and his capacity to grab the headlines made him immensely populat with the mass newspaper readership – especially within English-speaking world.
The Crimean War, 1853-56
After a long period of peace, the coup of 1851 brought Napoleon III to the French throne, dedicated to the pursuit of glory through an aggressive foreign policy. At the same time, the growing problems of the Ottoman empire opened up to the Russians the possibilities of their first territorial gains since the short Russo-Turkish clash in 1853, and was joined by Britain, France and Piedmont-Sardinia on the Turkish side in 1854-55. It was ended by negotiation when it became clear to the Russians that they could not gain their objectives.
Louis I the Pious (778 – 840) ruled the Frankish empire from the death of his father Charlemagne in 814 until his own death in 840. Under Frankish law, Charlemagne’s empire was to be divided among his three sons, but the death of his sons Pépin, king of Italy, in 810, and his second son, Charles, king of Franconia, a year later, left Louis, king of Acquitaine since 781, as Charlemagne’s sole surviving son and successor.