Category Archives: MEDIEVAL HISTORY

Saints, relics and heretics (c. 325 – 1434)

Saints, relics and heretics (c. 325 – 1434)


The saints honoured by the Christian faithful during the medieval centuries were a specific group within the wider category of souls who had been admitted to heaven. When alive, the venerated saints had demonstrated exceptional holiness, and miraculous events that had occurred before and after their deaths were attributed to them.

Courtrai: The Battle of the Golden Spurs

Courtrai: The Battle of the Golden Spurs

On 11th July 1302. outside  of the Flemish city of Courtrai, an army of weavers, dyers, fishermen, and carpenters defeated the finest knightly army in Western Europe. It was Philippe the Fair’s arrest of his vassal Guy de Dampierre, Count of Flanders, and the poor leadership of his governor Count Jacques of St Pol, that sparked the revolt known as the Bruges Matins where the commoners massacred 120 French soldiers.

The emergence of states in Africa, 1000 – 1500

The emergence of states in Africa, 1000 – 1500

The period from 1000 – 1500 saw the emergence of states over much of Africa, crucially assisted by the need to control and secure trading routes and by the wealth which flowed from them. The spread of trade often went hand with the dissemination of Islam. By 1500, sub-Saharan Africa states had made their first contact with European explorers.

The Parliament of England

The Parliament of England

The term ‘parliament’ came into use in the early 13th century to describe a national forum for discussion, and the institution’s origins lay in the consultative Great Council, consisting of the nobility and senior clergy, which had been regularly summoned by English monarchs since the Norman Conquest.

The political transformation in 16th century Spain

The political transformation in 16th century Spain

The marriage of Isabella of Castile to Ferdinand II of Aragon produced a dynastic union of their kingdoms and laid the foundation of a united Spain that, building upon Aragon’s European experience and Castile’s Iberian culture, became the dominant Atlantic power by the middle of the 16th century.