Category Archives: ANCIENT HISTORY

Akhenaten: A Different Pharaon

Akhenaten: A Different Pharaon


At some point around 1375 BC (Egyptian chronology is not yet an exact science) a flotilla made its way along the Nile. It contained the migrating royal court, or at least the royal family, and the purpose of the journey was to found a new capital. This sort of thing was not unknown in the ancient Near East, but the sequel to this particular voyage was unprecedented. A series of boundary stelae marks the spot to this day, a semi-circular bay in the cliffs of the eastern desert, some 200 miles south of modern Cairo.

The importance of the battle of Marathon

The importance of the battle of Marathon

“For if you agree with me that we should fight, you make your country free and your city the best in all of Greece. But if you choose not to fight, we will lose it all” (Herodotus 6.109)

So spoke the Athenian general Miltiades to his fellow general Callimachus, setting in motion one of the greatest military gambles in history. The date was 490 BC. The place was Marathon. The mission: to resist the invasion of the Persian army, the largest fighting force ancient Greece had ever seen.

Pompeii and Herculaneum: The cities from the past

Pompeii and Herculaneum: The cities from the past

Pompeii is one of the largest tourist draws in Italy. The town presents visitors with an overwhelming array of archeological evidence, with much more preserved in museum storerooms. When the eruption of Vesuvius started on the morning of 24 August, AD 79, it caught the local population utterly unprepared. Although at the same time, as we now know in retrospect, all the tell-tale signs were there to warn them.

Food feasts in Ancient Rome

Food feasts in Ancient Rome

The festive consumption of food and drink was an important social ritual in the Roman world. Known in general terms as the convivium (Latin: “living together”), or banquet, the Romans also distinguished between specific types of gatherings, such as the epulum (public feast), the cena (dinner, normally eaten in the mid-afternoon), and the comissatio (drinking party).

Sparta – A military city-state

Sparta – A military city-state

City of Sparta, in southern Greece, was founded by the Dorians during the 10 century BC, after they conquered the tribes that originally lived there. Two centuries later, Sparta won a neighboring town Messenia, and thus acquired a very fertile land. Spartans in that times enjoyed the life while doing various crafts, music and poetry. Later, after they were vanquished in war and conquered Messenians  have had permanent sought to regain their freedom, the Spartans became completely devoted to improving the skill of warship.